Published Online: June 7, 1989

St. Paul District Touting Saturn School As Model for Technology in Education

When the Saturn School of Tomorrow opens in September, officials say, it will represent not only the cutting edge of technological education but also the frontiers of school reform.

The 4th, 5th, and 6th graders attending the school will be grouped according to their skills development, rather than their grade levels, and will complete a longer school year than other St. Paul students.

Their teachers will receive salaries of $55,000 a year or more--$20,000 above the city's average--and will have greater on-site responsibilities.

Supporters call the Saturn School an experiment in restructuring that weaves a technological strand into "learning for tomorrow." It is a cooperative venture linking the St. Paul public schools, the local teachers' union, higher-education institutions , and private businesses.

Unlike other schools, where computers may be employed as an adjunct to instruction, students at the Saturn School will spend at least one-third of their day on computers and other equipment.

"Technology is absolutely essential" to the success of the Saturn School experiment, said D. Thomas King, the project's director. "But we're really building it into the learning process. We want to make technology a transparent tool."

Teacher Empowerment

The Saturn School was conceived more than two years ago as a means to combine what Mr. King calls "the best of what we know about learning research and the best of what we know about learning technology."

The inspiration for the project came from a speech given by Albert Shanker, president of the American Federation of Teachers. In it, Mr. Shanker urged schools to adopt new educational models that emulate the General Motors Corporation's Saturn automobile plants, where workers and managers have collaborated to redesign the workplace.

"What we really had to do, in effect, is design a new process," said Mr. King.

The project has the support of the St. Paul Federation of Teachers, an aft affiliate. The union will play a major role in selecting the "lead" and "associate" teachers who will staff and manage the school.

"I knew it would be a way to show what technology could do in restructuring," said Gladys Westin, president of the teachers' union. "I also knew that it would be an opportunity for us to integrate technology into the curriculum, yet not be a 'technology school,' per se."

The teachers selected for Saturn will sign a 12-month contract, but all will earn at least $55,000, substantially more than the $35,000 average teacher's pay in the St. Paul system.

"We negotiated not only for the dollars and for the time," said Ms. Westin, "but for the responsibilities. I wanted to give our profession an opportunity to be leaders."

'Consortium Approach'

To meet the project's $1.8-million start-up cost, the district adopted a "consortium approach" in which "partners" from the fields of higher education, educational research, and business offer their expertise in exchange for an opportunity to conduct field research.

The College of St. Thomas, a local teacher-training facility, will be using the school to help train some of its student-teachers, for example.

"We're going to develop a teaching model that is similar to a teaching hospital," Mr. King said.

The Minnesota Educational Computing Corporation is making available its software and providing training in exchange for the knowledge it can glean from its product's use in the classroom.

"There's no direct return" on the investment, said Dale LaFrenz, the company's president. "We'd like to think that we'll get a good return in [product] development."

Skip Karbo, a spokesman for Apple Computer Inc., said his company has donated $85,000 worth of Apple II computers, printers, and modems to the project and is negotiating with the district to provide even more in exchange for access to the data collected as students and teachers develop proficiency with the equipment.

Backers of the project expect donations of more than $540,000 in equipment and personnel, including more than $400,000 worth of equipment from the Minnesota-based Control Data Corporation and $10,000 in videodisk equipment from Pioneer Communications of America Inc.

Central to the Saturn School concept, Mr. King said, is the use of an "expert system," a complex software program that simulates the decisionmaking skills of teachers to guide students' development.

'Personal Learning Programs'

The first group of Saturn students, selected early this year, will soon begin to use the systems to develop their "Personal Learning Programs" on the computer.

The plp's diagnose students' learning needs and prescribe the right curriculum and remediation to help them meet the educational goals they and their parents set in consultation with the school's teachers.

"The system is focused on the student," said Marilyn A. Martin, an education consultant with peakSolutions, a Minneapolis-based software company. "It gives the student much more flexibility to choose his or her goals and select resources to accomplish those goals."

Teachers can, however, modify or reject students' personal-learning programs.

First-year enrollment at thedowntown facility will be 150. "Grades are going to be relatively meaningless," said Mr. King, "because we're grouping students according to ability level."

Human Interaction

Students will attend the school for up to 44 weeks and follow a curriculum that, in addition to conventional subjects, also will include environmental education, and courses on ethics and morality.

"I think the curriculum has to be an interdisciplinary one," Mr. King said.

In addition to the time spent in the computer room, students will spend another third of their day in "cooperative learning situations" and the balance of the time in teacher-led discussions or on field trips to nearby St. Paul institutions.

Mr. King said that the human interaction between students and teachers is as vital to the program's success as the computers.

"We don't mean to abandon them to the machine," he said.